#Lithium is the “Marijuana of #Metals…”

…It’s great for everything!

Everyone knows the expanding #EV market demands #Lithium.

But did you know that #Lithium is also essential for cell phones, laptops, power tools… yup, pretty much every #electrical device that requires a long-lasting #battery.

It’s not just about #EV’s anymore…

Besides its use in #Batteries

  • #Lithium #carbonate is also used in #medicine
  • #Lithium is used as a heat transfer agent
  • #Lithium is used as an #alloy with #aluminum, #copper, #manganese, and #cadmium to make high performance #aircraft parts
  • #Lithium is used as an additive to continuous casting mould #flux #slags where it increases fluidity
  • #Lithium #compounds are used as additives to #foundry sand for #iron casting to reduce #veining
  • #Lithium #fluoride is used as an additive to #aluminum #smelters to reduce melting temperatures and increase #electrical resistance
  • Added to #concrete, #Lithium makes concrete harden faster
  • Added to molten #glass, #Lithium makes the glass lighter and stronger
  • #Lithium #stearate can be mixed with #oil to make all-purpose and high-temperature #lubricants
  • #Lithium assists in the perfection of #silicon nano-welds in #electronic components
  • #Lithium #hydroxide and #Lithium #peroxide are used to remove #carbon dioxide from the atmosphere of #spacecraft and for air purification in #submarines
  • #Lithium #perchlorate is used in #oxygen candles that supply #submarines with oxygen
  • #Lithium also has various #nuclear applications, for example as a #coolant in #nuclear breeder reactors
  • #Lithium is bombarded with #neutrons to form #tritium, also used in #nuclear applications
  • #Lithium-6 #deuteride serves as a #fusion #fuel in staged #thermonuclear #weapons
  • #Lithium #chloride and #bromide are used as #desiccants for #gas streams
  • #Lithium compounds are used as #pyrotechnic colorants and #oxidizers in red #fireworks and flares
  • #Lithium #fluoride is sometimes used in focal lenses for #telescopes
  • #Lithium #niobate is used extensively in #optical modulators for such components as resonant #crystals
  • #Lithium #hydrides are used as high-energy additives to #rocket propellants
  • #Lithium #aluminum #hydride can be used by itself as a solid #fuel

#Markets for #Lithium

#Lithium demand by end-use: Estimates

Chart dated 2010. How close are estimates for 2015 battery-use growth to actual?

#Lithium demand by end-use: Actual

2015 actual demand: does not include #mineral use

Interesting Facts About #Lithium

  • #Lithium was one of the three #elements produced in large quantities in the #BigBang. The others were #hydrogen and #helium
  • #Lithium was discovered in 1817 by Johan August #Afrvedson during an analysis of #petalite (LiAISi4O10)
  • It took until 1855 for chemists Augustus #Mattiessen and Robert #Bunsen to isolate #Lithium, separating the element by running a current through #Lithium #chloride
  • The word “Lithium” is derived from the Greek “lithos” meaning stone
  • #Lithium melting point: 180.50 C, 356.90 F, 453.65 K
  • #Lithium boiling point: 1342 C, 2448 F, 1615 K
  • #Lithium atomic number: 3
  • Atomic symbol: Li
  • Relative atomic mass: 6.941
  • #Lithium is the lightest of all #metals
  • #Lithium is the least dense of all #elements that are solids at room temperature, with a #density comparable to pine wood
  • Apart from #helium and #hydrogen, #Lithium is less dense than any liquid element
  • #Lithium is one of only three #metals that can float on water, the other two being #sodium and #potassium
  • #Lithium #metal is soft enough to be cut with a knife
  • #Lithium is the only #alkali #metal that reacts with #nitrogen
  • #Lithium reacts aggressively with water
  • Because of its high reactivity, #Lithium never occurs freely in nature, and instead appears only in compounds
  • #Lithium has 10 #isotopes, 7 whose half-lives are known, and only two are stable
  • #Lithium burns with a crimson flame, but when the metal burns sufficiently well, the flame becomes a brilliant white
  • The transmutation of #Lithium atoms to #helium in 1932 was the first truly man-made #nuclear reaction
  • Trace amounts of #Lithium are present in all organisms

Join me next time!

As I continue to explore opportunities in #Lithium… Coming up:

#Investing in the #Lithium-ion #Battery Explosion

Issue #1: “What’s the Big Deal with #Lithium?”

Issue #2: “#Lithium is the ‘Marijuana of #Metals'”

Issue #3: “#Investing in the #Lithium-ion #Battery Explosion”

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